Low Carbon Emission

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More About Low Carbon Emission


Low carbon emission governament targetRenewable or Green energy has been used by the human race since the dawn of time with increasing levels of sophistication. However, along the path of time man has also created environmental problems through the burning of fossil fuels and the supply of this fuel in the forms of gas and oil. The peak oil crisis is upon us and the world recognises that sustainable forms of energy are required to tackle the problems we are facing.

The government has put into place a number of strategies and incentives to reach a set of staged objectives towards 2050. By this time, every home will be carbon neutral as far as possible – to meet a target of 80% reduction in carbon emissions based on 1990 levels.

A route map of how the country will achieve its low carbon targets has been published in the government’s UK Low Carbon Transition Plan. Some of these targets are outlined below…

2020 Low Carbon Emission targets 

  • Seven million homes will have benefited from whole house makeovers, and more than 1.5 million households will be supported to produce their own clean energy.
  • Around 40 per cent of electricity will be from low-carbon sources, from renewables, nuclear and clean coal.
  • The UK will be importing half the amount of gas that we would be otherwise.
  • The average new car will emit 40 per cent less carbon than now.

The Transition Plan is the most systematic response to climate change of any major developed economy, and includes strategies for the development and take-up of renewable energy technology.

Low Carbon emission targets

This is a simplified diagram of some of the available technologies, and the forms of energy they use. Most renewable energy is either directly or indirectly provided by the sun. Those technologies which use the sun directly can be further categorised into active and passive solar technology. Passive solar energy is harnessed through the careful constructional design of a building, it has no moving parts or electrical components. Active systems include solar thermal, which generally produce hot water, and solar photovoltaics (solar PV) which generate electricity from solar radiation.

Indirect solar energy systems use the heating effect of the sun on the Earth’s atmosphere which creates wind and tides. The energy harvested from these sources is converted to power via wind turbines and hydropower. Biomass systems use the energy plants absorb from sunlight. Geothermal energy is the exception, as heat energy is extracted from the Earth’s core.

See also:

Green Energy Grants and Incentives
Energy Efficiency
Heat Pumps
Solar Energy